The Drake equation is a mathematical equation that was
developed by astronomer Frank Drake in 1961 to estimate the number of
intelligent, communicative civilizations that may exist in our galaxy. The
equation is named after Frank Drake, who presented it at a scientific meeting
at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Green Bank, West Virginia.
The equation takes into account a number of variables that
are believed to play a role in the development and existence of such
rate of star formation in our galaxy.
fraction of stars that have planets.
number of habitable planets per star system.
fraction of habitable planets where life actually evolves.
fraction of life-bearing planets where intelligent life evolves.
fraction of intelligent civilizations that develop technology capable of
length of time such civilizations remain communicative.
By multiplying these factors together, the equation produces
an estimate of the number of intelligent, communicative civilizations that may
exist in our galaxy.
The Drake equation has been widely debated and criticized,
as it relies on many unknown factors and assumptions. However, it remains a
useful tool for stimulating discussion and promoting further research into the
search for extraterrestrial intelligence.
The scientific community generally agrees that there is a
high probability of the existence of extraterrestrial life, given the vast size
and age of the universe, and the prevalence of potentially habitable planets.
In recent years, scientists have made many significant
discoveries that have increased the possibility of finding extraterrestrial
life, such as the discovery of planets orbiting other stars, some of which are
located within the "habitable zone" - the distance from the star where
liquid water can exist on the surface of a planet, a necessary condition for
life as we know it.
Moreover, astrobiologists and astronomers have been actively
searching for signs of extraterrestrial life using various methods, such as
studying the atmospheres of exoplanets, looking for biosignatures, listening
for radio signals from other civilizations, and sending probes to nearby
planets and moons in our solar system that may have the potential to support
While no definitive evidence of extraterrestrial life has
been found yet, the scientific community remains open to the possibility of its
existence and continues to search for signs of it. However, it's important to
note that scientific claims require empirical evidence, and the existence of extraterrestrial
life remains a topic of ongoing research and exploration.
Some of the most popularly theorized types of aliens
Aliens: These are the most commonly depicted aliens in pop culture and are
believed to have a humanoid appearance with large heads and big black
eyes. They are said to be small and frail, standing between 3 and 5 feet
tall and are often associated with abductions and experiments on humans.
Aliens: These are humanoid aliens that have a reptilian appearance and are
believed to have infiltrated human society by disguising themselves as
humans. They are often depicted as
manipulative and power-hungry beings
who seek to control the world.
Also known as "Tall Whites," these aliens are said to have a
Nordic or Scandinavian appearance, with blonde hair, blue eyes, and pale
skin. They are often described as benevolent beings who are here to guide
humanity towards a better future.
These aliens are believed to have a humanoid form with insect-like
features such as antennae, wings, and multiple limbs. They are often
associated with hive-like societies and advanced technology.
These aliens are said to have a similar appearance to humans but with some
slight differences, such as elongated limbs, a larger or smaller head, and
different skin color. They are often portrayed as peaceful and
technologically advanced beings.
Werewolves are a cultural staple we all know the myths and
legends but what if you want to take it a step further. What if you want to
become a werewolf?
Here’s a “HOW TO” enjoy
If you are interested in becoming a werewolf, I can
certainly provide you with some information on how to achieve this mythical
First, it is important to understand that becoming a
werewolf is not a simple task. It requires a lot of time, dedication, and
practice to master the transformation process. There are a few different
methods that you can try to become a werewolf, including:
If you come from a family of werewolves, there is a chance that you may
have inherited the gene that allows you to transform. In this case, all
you have to do is trigger the transformation process, which can be done
through a variety of methods.
by a werewolf: If you are not born into a family of werewolves, you can
still become one by being bitten by a werewolf. This can be a dangerous
process, as it can be difficult to find a werewolf who is willing to bite
you, and the transformation process can be painful and traumatic.
Another way to become a werewolf is through the use of magic. You can try
casting spells or performing rituals that are designed to trigger the
transformation process. However, this method can be risky, as it can
involve dabbling in dark magic and may have unintended consequences.
Moon: In many werewolf stories, transformation is triggered by the full
moon. If you want to become a werewolf, you can try exposing yourself to
the light of the full moon and meditating on the transformation process.
It is important to remember that becoming a werewolf is not
a simple or easy process, and it may not even be possible. While there are many
different methods that you can try, there is no guarantee that any of them will
In conclusion, if you are interested in becoming a werewolf,
you can try one of the methods outlined above. However, you should be aware
that becoming a werewolf is a risky and potentially dangerous process. If you
decide to pursue this path, it is important to do so with caution and to be
aware of the risks involved.
2023 has been a hugely eventful year when we view it using just about any lens but could this be the beginning something bigger?
In recent months, there has been a wave of UFO sightings reported all around the world. People from different parts of the globe have witnessed strange, unidentified flying objects in the sky, which have sparked discussions, debates, and curiosity among people.
The recent wave of UFO sightings began on December 17, 2017, when pilots from two separate flights reported seeing a "bright light" traveling at high speeds over the skies of Arizona. The incident was recorded on radar, and according to the reports, the object was flying at an altitude of about 40,000 feet, and was not showing up on any air traffic control radar.
Since then, there have been numerous reports of similar sightings across the globe, with people claiming to have seen strange lights, flying saucers, and other unexplained phenomena in the sky.
One of the most significant sightings occurred in November 2020, when the crew of a Taiwanese F-16 fighter jet reported seeing a "long cylindrical object" flying at high speeds. The sighting was later confirmed by the Taiwanese government, and the object was said to have been traveling at speeds of up to 740 miles per hour.
Another significant sighting occurred in June 2020, when a group of pilots from American Airlines reported seeing a "guy in a jetpack" flying at 3,000 feet over Los Angeles International Airport. The sighting was captured on video and was investigated by the Federal Aviation Administration, but no explanation was found.
There have also been reports of sightings in the UK, with the Ministry of Defence confirming that it had investigated several UFO sightings over the years. One of the most famous sightings in the UK occurred in 1980, when US military personnel reported seeing strange lights and objects near the Rendlesham Forest in Suffolk.
These sightings have sparked a lot of curiosity among people, with many wondering what could be behind them. There are many theories about the origins of these sightings, ranging from natural phenomena to extraterrestrial visitations. While there is no definitive proof that these sightings are linked to aliens, we can't discount the possibility that some of them could be.
However, it's essential to keep an open mind when it comes to these sightings. While many UFO sightings can be explained as natural phenomena or aircraft, there are still some cases that remain unexplained. We need to approach these sightings with a scientific mind and try to gather as much data as possible to determine their origins.
To shed some light on these sightings, we spoke to Dr. Richard O'Connor, a renowned astronomer and UFO expert. Here's what he had to say:
"It's important to approach these sightings with a healthy dose of skepticism. While it's natural to be curious about these phenomena, we need to gather as much data as possible to determine their origins. We also need to avoid jumping to conclusions or making wild speculations about the nature of these sightings. Instead, we need to approach them with an open mind and try to gather as much evidence as possible to determine their origins."
Another expert we spoke to is Dr. Jason Wright, an astrophysicist and professor at Penn State University. Here's what he had to say:
"There are many possible explanations for these sightings, ranging from natural phenomena to extraterrestrial visitations. While we can't discount the possibility that some of these sightings are linked to aliens, we need to approach these sightings with a healthy dose of skepticism. We also need to gather as much data as possible to determine their origins and avoid jumping to conclusions."
So, what can we learn from these sightings, and how should we approach them? Firstly, we need to approach them with an open mind and a healthy dose of skepticism. While it's natural
Cryptid profile time once again, for those
new here, this is where I take a look at a cryptid or cryptids and their
history and reported sightings and give a score on the probability of the
animal existing in more than myth and legend.
For those of us that like to hunt down
cryptid animals, looking for creatures which are similar across different
cultures and found in different parts of the world provides an amount of
corroboration for the similar stories that are shared across different cultures.
The distances can sometimes be far and the
cultures vastly different, on other occasions the similarities may be almost,
exactly the same.
This brings me to the two cryptids for
Both snake like beasts that are believed to
found in the wilds of north America with two groups of native American tribes
having legends of separate animals, that too me at least, seem to be the same
let's take look at the animals known as UNHCEGILA and Haietlik.
These two monsters are from Lakota and
Nootka legend and hold a special place in the native people's minds.
UNHCEGILA is most commonly associated with the Dakota and Lakota
Sioux tribes. There are a number of differing spelling for the cryptids if you are
searching out first U-n-c-e-g-I--la, then U-n-h-c-e-g-I-l-a, and U-n-k-t-e-h-I. The Pronunciation
also varies by dialect.
The cryptid is said to inhabit the rivers and of the Lakota territory,
a serpentoid beast which it is claimed has been responsible for many
unexplained disappearances and deaths.
The legends tell-tale of A mighty Saltwater
Seen swimming up rivers and polluting them, before it flooded the land
with salt water. This turning the soil baron so nothing could grow.
A couple of native boys from the family of a great warrior of the bear
clan, with the help of their bows and a little mystical power manged to slay
the beast.They managed to fire their
arrows into one of the seven vulnerable spots on her body.
The cryptid did not die quietly
it writhed and thrashed over the land, causing yet more damage.
Adding to the dire situation, the Sun scorched the flesh from the now
dead animals' bones and sucking up all the moisture. This according to the myth
is how the Badlands were created. In a twist of fate or a coincidence this area
is full of fossilised dinosaur bones which may have inspired or contributed to
Moving on to the HAIETLIK,(hey-i-e-leak) a
animal that is also named the "lightning serpent".
Legends say, the haietlik was both a
friend toand a weapon of the thunderbirds, it was used by
them to hunt whales.
The description of the beast tells of a huge serpent with a pointed
head which was sharp as a knife and it possess a tongue which can shoot
The haietlik would shoot this lightning at whale injuring them
so that the hunting thunderbird could capture and carry off its prey.
The haietlik it is said
makes its home among the feathers of the thunderbird, here it lays waiting
to be unleashed with a flap of the bird's mighty wings.
A more grounded habitat for the creature is like the first cryptid
with Nuu-Chah-Nulth people saying it calls the inland and coastal waters home.
The cryptids association with the hunting of whales saw it being used
as a talesman, British sailors visiting the Pacific Northwest in 1791
reportedly saw representations of the haietlik painted on the sides of
Images of the haietlik also appear in petroglyphs on the coast of
British Columbia and as decorations on whaling harpoons.
The creature is an important cultural figure that is part of the
ceremony for a marriage between a chief's daughter and the son of another
Another marriage ceremony involved dancers in haietlik masks
entering the house of the bride's family.
There have been sightings ofcreatures that fit with these legends.
Mysterious universe published an article in which the writer Terrye Toombs
penned that there is a sea serpent which often emerges in Alaskan folklore
which again sounds similar to our two cryptids.
I quote the article as follows “In mythology, the Tizheruk are large,
snake-like sea creatures that are believed to roam Alaska’s waters,” Toombs
wrote. “They are described as having a head 7 feet long with a tail ending in a
flipper, for a total of 12 to 15 feet long. Tizheruk were said to snatch people
from docks and piers.”
In 2009, a surprising piece of footage taken by a fisherman off the
Alaskan coast, which appeared to show some large, serpent-like creature
swimming in the ocean waters.
Paul LeBlond, the former head of the Department of Earth and Ocean
Sciences at the University of British Columbia, was quoted by Discovery News
saying, “I am quite impressed with the video, although it was shot under rainy
circumstances in a bouncy ship, it’s very genuine.” LeBlond is also coauthor of
a book, “Cadborosaurus: Survivor From the Deep,” which makes the case for
“Caddy,” the name given to the sea serpent that occasionally is seen there in
Many have claimed to see
Caddy over the years, and a number of carcasses have
washed ashore which were believed to have belonged to the creature; most of
these, however, were identified later as the remains of known species like
sharks and whales.
“It must be a mammal or a reptile,” LeBlond said of the serpent like
creature in the fisherman’s 2009 film, “since it oscillates up and down in a
vertical plane, which eliminates sideways-oscillating fish.” This description
appears to be consistent with similar reports of
humped, serpent-like creatures seen along the
Pacific coast for more than a century.
It could be that all of these creatures really are merely legends. Or,
perhaps it could be that the cultural comparisons between “old” and “new” seen
here represent something else; something akin to a long-running commentary on
unusual things seen in Alaska and the Pacific Northwest, by natives and
As a final note, I wish to briefly reference a passage from another
article of mine, published last month, where I referenced the discovery of a
new species of whale off the Alaskan coast late last year. The relevant quote
is as follows:
“It is worth noting that in late 2016, a new species of whale was
discovered, following the discovery of an unusual carcass on an Alaskan beach.
Japanese legends had previously told of a dark colored, beaked whale, though no
particular associations had been made between the alleged beast and any modern
identifiable species. Upon discovery of the Alaskan “mystery carcass,” questions
about the creature led to the discovery that a set of bones on display at a
nearby educational center also belonged to this variety of whale, which was
soon determined to be a newly discovered species.”
With new species still turning up in Alaska’s coastal waters, maybe we
should keep an open, but cautious mind, when it comes to the potential that a
few additional new species might still turn up.
Here is a more in depth look at this beast
Its Not only native American folklore that
has snake like and Serpentine monsters at its core.
Snakes hold a special place in our psyche,
many people have a fear of the animals and this makes them a target often being
used to symbolize both positive and negative elements by ancient cultures.
Around the world there are many stories of
cryptid snakes and snake beings.
In African mythology, an ancient snake god
made the sun, moon and thereafter the earth, which he formed from a lump of
also created a set of twins, the primitive beings, called Nummo.
twins were half human half snake a form that has been linked to the idea of a
ruling reptilian race.
Central America has long history of popular serpent gods.
The ancient Mayan book, Chilam
Balam, tells us that the first people to inhabit the Yucatan were the
Chanes or People of the Serpent. The mythology says the Chanes were led across
the sea by the serpent god Itzamna, who ruled by his esoteric knowledge rather
Feathered serpents were also
often depicted, Quetzalcoatl being one of the most prolific.
Moving over to Asia In China the serpent god
is depicted as the famous dragons of Chinese mythology.Naga featuring heavily in all legends
associated with Hinduism and Buddhism.
In India like china The Nagas were purported
to be an ancient serpent race which descended from the sky. The Ancient Book
of Dzyan, possibly one of the oldest Sanskrit sources, speaks of the
ancient Indian myths. The Nagas were said to be human above the waist and
possess the tail of a dragon or snake. They could also turn themselves into
either fully human or fully serpentine form. Since female Nagas were portrayed
as extremely beautiful, Indian Dynasties claimed their family origin as a union
of a human and Nagi, a female Naga.
Egypt is the location of many strange mystical
The serpent commonly associated with immortality and the gods in the
Old and Middle Kingdom periods in Egyptian mythology. A snake was depicted on
tombs carrying the Pharaoh off into the sky, to the land of the gods. The snake
came to be a symbol of kingship around this time and appeared on the headdress
of the Pharaohs.
Snakes are also feature heavily in Christian
the Old Testament, references serpent god ancestors, in what is
becoming somewhat of a pattern. Snakes are strongly associated with the story
of Moses. It is written that god instructed him to make a serpent-head idol so
that when anyone was bitten, they could look at the serpent-head idol, at which
point their bite would heal.
And we can skip over probably the most famous snake in history, the
serpent in the Garden of Eden, found curled around
the tree of life who gave forbidden knowledge to all mankind.
In Greek and Roman mythology, the snake symbolizes a guardian spirit,
this has seen many found carved into ancient altars. In the temple of Athena in
Athens, a snake held in a cage was believed to be the reincarnation of
Erichthonius, an early king in ancient Greece. This is very similar to the
practices carried out in South America.
Medusa and other gorgons
(female creatures) had sharp fangs and live snakes for hair. The association of
women and serpents extended to Medea, who was pulled in a chariot led by
serpents, as well as the Minoan snake goddess who held a snake in each hand.
The Celts also associated snakes with wisdom, fertility and
immortality, and tended to connect them with healing pools and water.
This bringing us full circle and back to Native American Indian tribal
the snake again is a symbol of fertility and rebirth. In their
mythology, the giant snake Unhcegilacan swallow a human in one gulp! Native American mythology also included
a symbol that represented a snake deity called Avanyu that brought storms to
This in the same way as our two cryptids.
So, are these giant serpents just creatures
of myth and legend or could they have existed?
We know of the Titanaboa a giant snake that
surely if seen by early man could have inspire these legends, the Anaconda of
today impresses with its size but for thousands of years the legends of truly
giant and monstrous serpents have persisted could this be because there are
still giant snakes out there waiting to be discovered?
Sometimes seen and inspiring legend.
I think so and my score for giant serpents
is a 100%
What do you think let me know in the